Ubuntu is one of the major distributions of Linux and has a wide share in desktop applications. When installing various software, it is necessary to pay attention to the version of kernel in addition to the version of the OS itself.
The correspondence table between Ubuntu OS version and kernel version is shown.
Ubuntu OS version and kernel version
The history of the version of Ubuntu is collected in this Wikipedia.
Ubuntu version history - Wikipedia
Also, here is the same discussion as this content.
The latest version correspondence here is as follows. Some LTS version supports the new kernel version. With this, the OS version can use the new kernel function as it is.
OS Ver OS Name kernel Ver 14.04 Trusty Tahr 3.13 or newer 14.10 Utopic Unicorn 3.16 15.04 Vivid Vervet 3.19 15.10 Wily Werewolf 4.2 16.04 Xenial Xerus 4.4 or newer 16.10 Yakkety Yak 4.8
How to check Ubuntu version
The OS version and kernel version of Ubuntu can be confirmed as follows. In the following example, OS version: 14.04.5 LTS, kernel version: 4.8.4-c9. The kernel of or newer is used as shown in the table above.
$ cat /etc/lsb-release DISTRIB_ID=Ubuntu DISTRIB_RELEASE=14.04 DISTRIB_CODENAME=trusty DISTRIB_DESCRIPTION="Ubuntu 14.04.5 LTS" $ uname -a Linux <hostname> 4.8.8-c9 #1 SMP Mon Feb 13 03:16:28 UTC 2017 x86_64 x86_64 x86_64 GNU/Linux
Conclusion - Correspondence table of Ubuntu OS version and kernel version
The correspondence table between Ubuntu OS version and kernel version is as shown in the main text. Newer kernel version can also be used in LTS.